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时间:10-16来源:村村新闻作者:村村新闻

红心猕猴桃栽培技术

红心猕猴桃是一种进口猕猴桃,近几年在开始风靡我国,一经上市就收到人们的喜爱,销售也非常好,常常供不应求。它的价格相对于国产猕猴桃要稍高,但是它的口感相对于来说比较好,甜度更高。所以很多人想试着种植这种猕猴桃。

红心猕猴桃栽培技术

1、种子采集。将充分成熟的野生猕猴桃果采回后,放在阴凉处软熟后剥除果皮,装在干净纱布袋中搓洗,洗去果肉只剩种子。将种子摊放晾干,用塑料袋封装后在4~5℃低温下贮藏备用。

2、沙藏。播种前一个半月左右(苍溪一般在12月下旬),将干藏好的种子取出用50~70℃热水浸1~2小时,再在凉水里浸1~3天,捞出用5~10倍的湿润河沙拌匀装入盆或桶中,每隔一周翻动1次,并保持适宜湿度,手捏成团松手即散。

3、播种。广元红心猕猴桃试验示范园2月上旬立春时播种。选择光照充足、土壤肥沃疏松、排灌方便、呈微酸性或中性的砂壤土做苗床,整畦前施基肥和杀虫剂。深翻耙细整平做厢,为防水渍需做高厢。将沙藏好的种子带沙均匀撒在苗圃上,盖一层厚2~3mm的细土,最后盖上塑料薄膜。

红心猕猴桃的生存条件

猕猴桃属阳性树种,耐半阴,喜阴凉湿润环境,怕旱、涝、风。耐寒,不耐早春晚霜,猕猴桃园选在背风向阳山坡或空地,土壤深厚、湿润、疏松、排水良好、有机质含量高、pH在5.5~6.5微酸性沙质壤土。忌低洼积水环境。栽植时间从秋末到开春,秋季十月下旬和春季二月下旬枝梢伤流期前。

猕猴桃喜光怕晒,野生植株基本都长在阴坡或半阴坡及河畔,有极强的利用散光的能力,即便是在一棵大树上缠绕依附生长都没有任何问题,但不能过分隐蔽,如果严重缺光照,就会发生枝条枯死,这就是生产上强调合理株行距的原因,通俗讲就是喜阳光但怕高温。

红心猕猴桃的施肥原则

1、红心猕猴桃喜肥怕烧,猕猴桃的生长量和极强的生长势决定了它对肥分需求的迫切性,加上生产上掠夺式突出产量的作务心理,猕猴桃一旦缺少无机养分就表现出黄化、小叶、停长等现象,因而猕猴桃对肥分比较敏感,但肉质根系对土壤盐分浓度也很敏感,特别是持续高温干旱,从而形成新的矛盾对立体,鉴于此,生产上要求对猕猴桃的施肥务必要掌握好远散淡的原则,即少量多次施肥法,即能满足肥分需求又不致产生肥害,这就是猕猴桃的喜肥怕烧。

2、施肥猕猴桃的年需肥量为:早期以N.K两种元素需要量大,最好在秋季采果之后作基肥形式施下,有肥5000kg/667平方米,243.混合施入过磷酸钙80kg/667平方米。

3、从萌芽到开花结果,适当追肥,以Ca、Mg、B、Fe、Mn等元素为主。此次追施占全年的2/3。8月以速效P.K肥为主,施入量是N15~20kg//667平方米、P5~7kg/667平方米,K6~8kg/667平方米,此次追肥占全年的1/3。

红心猕猴桃病虫防治

猕猴桃幼苗期易遭受立枯病、蝼蛄和地老虎的侵害。立枯病:受害幼苗的基部初呈水渍状,以后逐渐加深,后变黑缢缩腐烂,上部叶片萎焉逐渐全株枯死。可结合喷水喷施2~3次50%多菌灵1000倍液或50%甲基托布津1000倍液防治。

蝼蛄:幼虫昼伏夜出,啃食嫩叶咬断茎杆,使幼苗枯死。可用10∶1炒熟麸皮拌敌百虫粉剂撒于植株周围或灯光诱杀。

地老虎:3龄后幼虫昼伏夜出咬断幼苗茎杆,造成苗木缺损。可在清晨人工捕杀,也可结合喷水喷施1%敌百虫液或用菜叶拌1%敌百虫液撒于苗圃内诱杀。

红心猕猴桃的种植一定要做好播种前的工作,选择的土地要肥沃带酸性的土壤进行播种。排水系统要好,不能有积水的情况,这个是种植红心猕猴桃的禁忌,一定要做到位。再加强后期的管理,这样红心猕猴的产量一定高。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-16 10:33:03
  7. 当前网协: 3.233.226.151
  8. 请求路径: /xyh/7608.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.3027
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
  2. #1 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  4. #3 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7608' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='7608' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' AND id<'7608' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 491]
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  12. #11 [time:0.0007s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7957' OR id='7956' OR id='7955' OR id='7954' OR id='7953' OR id='7952' OR id='7951' OR id='7950' OR id='7949' OR id='7948' [explain type: range | rows: 10]
  13. #12 [time:0.0003s] SELECT cid FROM tw_category ORDER BY orderby ASC [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  14. #13 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='1' OR cid='2' OR cid='3' OR cid='4' OR cid='5' OR cid='6' OR cid='7' OR cid='8' OR cid='9' OR cid='10' OR cid='11' OR cid='12' OR cid='13' OR cid='14' OR cid='15' OR cid='16' [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
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  27. #26 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7922' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  28. #27 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  30. #29 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  31. #30 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  32. #31 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 604]
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  34. #33 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  36. #35 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7953' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  37. #36 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 501]
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  40. #39 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 23,6 [explain type: index | rows: 29]
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  42. #41 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='tw_links' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  44. #43 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  45. #44 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_9' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  47. #46 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7946' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  49. #48 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7919' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  50. #49 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 456]
  51. #50 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  1. #control => show
  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 4
  4. #id => 7608
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      1. #0 utf8 类