当前位置: 网站首页 >农村美食

热门标签:

红心猕猴桃种植技术 红心猕猴桃几年结果_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-16来源:村村新闻作者:村村新闻

红心猕猴桃种植技术

红心猕猴桃几年结果

红心猕猴桃想必大家都并不陌生,它是猕猴桃的一个较为特别的一个种类,目前在我国很多地方都有栽种。红心猕猴桃的口感很好,食用价值很高,所以深受人们的喜欢。现在很多人都想要通过种植它来增加自己的收益,不过在种植之前,关于它的种植技术大家都了解了吗?

红心猕猴桃种植技术

1、4月上、中旬,当地温达到15℃时为适宜的播种期。用47度水进行浸种,自然冷却后再浸泡24小时,捞出与2倍的湿沙混合,然后放入容器中,埋于背阴处。温度保持在—3℃左右,每隔l周检查翻动1次。需要40~60天。

2、猕猴桃种子很小,因此要求整地、播种质量严格。要选择土质疏松、排水良好的砂质壤土。pH为7左右,每亩施优质有机肥5000千克,播前用呋喃丹、敌克松等进行土壤消毒。然后深翻细耙,做成l米宽的苗床,床土经细碎、平整,或整成下宽60厘米、上宽40厘米、高25厘米的垄。

3、播前2天灌1次透水,将种子混在细砂中均匀地撒在苗床-厂,每平方米播量为5~6克。再用过筛细肥土覆盖种子,以刚盖住为宜,然后畦面再盖一层稻草,由于覆土薄,土表易干燥,要注意经常喷水,以保持土壤湿润。

4、猕猴桃播后15~20天就能出苗,1周内出齐,并逐渐撤去稻草。揭草后,刚出土的幼苗很脆嫩,不能被阳光直射,一定要搭棚遮光,否则会被晒死。

5、出苗50天左右,真叶开始扩大,当长出l~3片叶时要间苗,同时拔除杂草。当6~8片真叶时,可逐渐拆除荫棚,并按15厘米×30厘米的株行距将幼苗移栽到苗圃。起苗前2天灌1次水,以便带土移苗,减少伤根。移栽做到边起苗、边移栽、边浇水。

6、整个苗期要做好松土、锄草、灌水等工作,当苗长到30~40厘米高时,要及时摘心,并注意除去基部发出的萌芽,当苗木粗度达到0.6厘米时,即可嫁接。嫁接时,要注意认准品种,并在优良单株上剪取接穗。猕猴桃一年四季均可嫁接,春季在砧木萌动前20天左右进行,一般在4月份。夏季应在6月份接穗半木质化后进行。秋季在8月上旬。当年春季培育的实生苗,都在当年8月下旬至9月份进行嫁接,到翌年树液流动前剪砧,嫁接多采用单芽枝腹接法,需两年出圃。

红心猕猴桃几年结果

一般正常情况下红心猕猴桃需要5年的时间才能结果,如果管理得当能提前到4年结果,所谓管理得当就是每年肥料跟得上,当然施肥切记薄肥勤施,切不可一次性追大肥,以免造成肥害造成植物的烧死。

红心猕猴桃的施肥原则

1、红心猕猴桃喜肥怕烧,猕猴桃的生长量和极强的生长势决定了它对肥分需求的迫切性,加上生产上掠夺式突出产量的作务心理,猕猴桃一旦缺少无机养分就表现出黄化、小叶、停长等现象,因而猕猴桃对肥分比较敏感,但肉质根系对土壤盐分浓度也很敏感,特别是持续高温干旱,从而形成新的矛盾对立体,鉴于此,生产上要求对猕猴桃的施肥务必要掌握好远散淡的原则,即少量多次施肥法,即能满足肥分需求又不致产生肥害,这就是猕猴桃的喜肥怕烧。

2、施肥猕猴桃的年需肥量为:早期以N.K两种元素需要量大,最好在秋季采果之后作基肥形式施下,有肥5000kg/667平方米,243.混合施入过磷酸钙80kg/667平方米。

3、从萌芽到开花结果,适当追肥,以Ca、Mg、B、Fe、Mn等元素为主。此次追施占全年的2/3。8月以速效P.K肥为主,施入量是N15~20kg//667平方米、P5~7kg/667平方米,K6~8kg/667平方米,此次追肥占全年的1/3。

红心猕猴桃常见的病害及防治

1、果实熟腐病。谢花后一周开始幼果套袋,避免侵染幼果。从谢花后二周至果实膨大期(5~8月)树冠喷布50%的多菌灵800倍液或1:0.5:200倍式波尔多液,或80%托布津可湿性粉剂1000倍液2~3次,喷药间隔时间为20天左右。清除修剪下来的猕猴桃枝条和枯枝落叶,减少病菌寄生场所。

2、根腐病。建园时要选择排水良好的土壤,雨季要搞好清沟排渍工作,不要定植过深,不施用未腐熟的肥料。在3月和6月中下旬,用代森锌0.5千克加水200千克灌根。发现病株时将根颈部土壤挖开,仔细刮除病部及少许健全部分用0.1%升汞消毒后,涂波尔多浆,经半月后换新土盖上,刮除伤面较大时,要涂接蜡保护,并追施腐熟水粪,以恢复树势。

红心猕猴桃在种植的时候一定要选择好时间,然后整地,再适时的进行播种。种植之后的管理也是很重要的,特别是在施肥和病害防治方面的工作要做到位。只有做好了这些,才能保证红心猕猴桃长的更好。


------分隔线----------------------------
网站公告

注意:
本场不在任何车站设立接待站!请不要让人冒领以免上当,本场周边(兖州、济宁、嘉祥、菏泽)有很多养殖场经纪人,请不要相信。请电话询问来场路线!



公司承诺:
选购品种保证质量、签订质量合同、提供运输,若途中牛羊伤亡,本场全额赔偿。所选牛羊、全部办理检疫手续。本场规定事实报价,没有赠送政策、根据客户选购数量和运输路程,规定免费运输。统一选购、货到付款、提供技术支持!

产品展示
精彩推荐
友情链接


联系qq:421374788 版权所有:(翻版必究)  
0.2302
基本信息
SQL
$_GET
$_POST
$_COOKIE
包含文件
自动加载
  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-16 08:59:50
  7. 当前网协: 3.233.226.151
  8. 请求路径: /pyb/7609.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2302
  10. 内存开销: 1.44 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
  2. #1 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  3. #2 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  4. #3 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7609' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='7609' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' AND id<'7609' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 479]
  7. #6 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7599' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  8. #7 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' AND id>'7609' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 21]
  9. #8 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7616' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  10. #9 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='navigate' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  11. #10 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1,10 [explain type: index | rows: 11]
  12. #11 [time:0.0007s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7957' OR id='7956' OR id='7955' OR id='7954' OR id='7953' OR id='7952' OR id='7951' OR id='7950' OR id='7949' OR id='7948' [explain type: range | rows: 10]
  13. #12 [time:0.0003s] SELECT cid FROM tw_category ORDER BY orderby ASC [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  14. #13 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='1' OR cid='2' OR cid='3' OR cid='4' OR cid='5' OR cid='6' OR cid='7' OR cid='8' OR cid='9' OR cid='10' OR cid='11' OR cid='12' OR cid='13' OR cid='14' OR cid='15' OR cid='16' [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  15. #14 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 11,12 [explain type: index | rows: 23]
  16. #15 [time:0.0009s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7947' OR id='7946' OR id='7945' OR id='7944' OR id='7943' OR id='7942' OR id='7941' OR id='7940' OR id='7939' OR id='7938' OR id='7937' OR id='7936' [explain type: range | rows: 12]
  17. #16 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_1' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  18. #17 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 583]
  19. #18 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7929' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  20. #19 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_2' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  21. #20 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='2' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 481]
  22. #21 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7951' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  23. #22 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_3' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  24. #23 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 456]
  25. #24 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  26. #25 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_4' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  27. #26 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 518]
  28. #27 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7922' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  29. #28 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  30. #29 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 546]
  31. #30 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  32. #31 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  33. #32 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 604]
  34. #33 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7919' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  35. #34 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  36. #35 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='7' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 544]
  37. #36 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7953' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 501]
  39. #38 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7954' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  40. #39 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 23,6 [explain type: index | rows: 29]
  41. #40 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7935' OR id='7934' OR id='7933' OR id='7932' OR id='7931' OR id='7930' [explain type: range | rows: 6]
  42. #41 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='tw_links' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  43. #42 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 546]
  44. #43 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  45. #44 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_9' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  46. #45 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='9' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 539]
  47. #46 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7946' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  48. #47 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 604]
  49. #48 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7919' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  50. #49 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 456]
  51. #50 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  1. #control => show
  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 8
  4. #id => 7609
      1. #0 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
      2. #1 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\kongphp.php
      3. #2 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\config\config.inc.php
      4. #3 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\base.func.php
      5. #4 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\core.class.php
      6. #5 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\debug.class.php
      7. #6 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\log.class.php
      8. #7 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\model.class.php
      9. #8 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\view.class.php
      10. #9 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\control.class.php
      11. #10 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db.interface.php
      12. #11 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db_mysql.class.php
      13. #12 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache.interface.php
      14. #13 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache_memcache.class.php
      15. #14 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\config\plugin.inc.php
      16. #15 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\plugin\editor_um\conf.php
      17. #16 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\plugin\tw_links\conf.php
      18. #17 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\parseurl_control.class.php
      19. #18 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\runtime_model.class.php
      20. #19 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\show_control.class.php
      21. #20 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\category_model.class.php
      22. #21 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_model.class.php
      23. #22 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_view\default,article_show.htm.php
      24. #23 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_data_model.class.php
      25. #24 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\showlink.php
      26. #25 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\kv_model.class.php
      27. #26 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\ext\utf8.class.php
      28. #27 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\tpl\sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类