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猴头菇的栽培技术 猴头菇种植时间_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-16来源:村村新闻作者:村村新闻

猴头菇的栽培技术

猴头菇种植时间

猴头菇是一种喜温的菌类,所以在温暖的环境中它的长势为最好。常食用猴头菇有增强体质、补充营养元素的好处,所以很多人都喜欢购买它。正是因为这样,目前才会有很多人想要种植它。不过在种植之前,需要对它的种植技术有一个全面的了解。

猴头菇的栽培技术

1、装袋。把塑料袋口张开,用手一把一把地把料塞进袋内。当装料1/3时,把袋料提起,在地面上轻轻抖动几下,用手将料向下压使料紧实。继之,再装料、再抖动、再压。装至满袋时,于袋口拳击数下,补充缺料,使袋料紧实无空隙。袋头留6厘米,捆口或加套环塞棉塞。13厘米×27厘米、17厘米×37厘米菌袋一头开口,17厘米×40厘米菌袋两头开口。栽培量大时一般采用机械装袋,缩短装袋时间,缩短了从拌料到灭菌的时间,有效防止培养料酸败。

2、灭菌。料袋灭菌可用高压锅,也可以用常压灶。其使用方法,已在前面作过介绍,这里着重讲常压灭菌注意要点。

1、及时进灶。装袋完毕,要立即将料袋装进灭菌灶,并迅速加温开始灭菌。以防微生物繁殖,将物质分解,导致酸败。特别是高温季节,更应该注意这一点。

2、合理叠袋。料袋进灶应叠放成一行一行,自下而上排放。行与行之间,袋与袋之间要留有一定间隙,使汽流能自下往上畅通,防止局部“死角”,造成灭菌不彻底。

3、控制温度

进袋完毕立即旺火猛攻。上汽后,要注意放气,把冷空气排尽。排气后,使灶内温度尽快上升到100℃,做到中途不停火,不加凉水,不降温,持续灭菌,保持12~14小时。尔后将火埋住,焖24小时。灭菌过程中温度不能忽高忽低,并要注意锅中水位,勿烧干锅。

4、接种:

1、将灭菌后的袋送入接种室,用克霉灵杀菌剂进行喷雾消毒。当菌袋温度降至室温时才能接种。

2、进入接种室前,工作人员要洗手,换消过毒的白大褂、帽子,换上拖鞋,带上菌种进入接种室。

3、接种前工作人员要用70%~75%的酒精棉球消毒双手、消毒菌种瓶外壁,点燃酒精灯,通过火焰消毒接种工具,在酒精灯火焰上方打开菌种瓶,除去老菌丝。打开被接菌袋口,用接种工具将菌种迅速接入袋口内,然后封口。每瓶菌种可接30~35袋。

猴头菇种植时间

猴头菇栽培应以秋分((9月下旬)接种,至小雪(11月下旬)出菇1-2批,翌春再产一批菇。山区也可采取早春1月接种,加温发菌培养,3~4月份长菇。

猴头菇的病害防治

1、真菌病害:多菌灵1:500倍,或硫酸铜0.5~1%水溶液喷洒,或苯菌灵1:500倍喷洒,或甲基托布津1:500倍喷洒,或百菌清0.15水溶液喷洒,或代森锌0.1%水溶液喷洒。

2、细菌病害:甲醛5%水溶液喷洒,或石碳酸3%~4%水溶液喷洒,或氯化碳3%水溶液喷雾,或漂白粉0.5%~1%水溶液喷雾,或金霉素1:500倍喷洒。

3、病毒病害:对患病毒病的菇房清洗消毒;菌丝生长期间料面覆盖,防止病毒侵入。

猴头菇的采收

子实体成熟的标准是子实体洁白,菌刺0.4cm左右,形状圆整,球块肉质坚实,即可采摘。若子实体已有些发黄,菌刺长1cm左右,开始大量弹射孢子,说明已老熟。

采收方法:一只手捏住子实体基部,另一只有按住菌袋,轻轻拧下,置于包袋箱或筐内,及时运走销售。

在种植猴头菇之前,需要了解它的最佳种植时间,再进行栽培。栽培的时候需要做好灭菌、套袋等工作。在栽培的后期,也要加强猴头菇的虫害防治工作,只有做好了这些,才能保证它的长势。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-16 09:01:10
  7. 当前网协: 3.233.226.151
  8. 请求路径: /lrgx/7625.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2379
  10. 内存开销: 1.45 MB
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  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 12
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