当前位置: 网站首页 >农村合作社

热门标签:

猴头菇如何栽培管理好_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-16来源:村村新闻作者:村村新闻

猴头菇如何栽培管理好

猴头菇(学名:Hericium

erinaceus;英文名:Lion's

Mane

Mushroom,Bearded

Tooth

Mushroom),又叫猴头菌,只因外形酷似猴头而得名。猴蘑,猴头,猴菇,是中国传统的名贵菜肴,肉嫩、味香、鲜美可口。是四大名菜(猴头、熊掌、燕窝、鱼翅)之一。有“山珍猴头、海味鱼翅”之称。这种齿菌科的菌类,菌伞表面长有毛茸状肉刺,长约1~3厘米,它的子实体圆而厚,新鲜时白色,干后由浅黄至浅褐色,基部狭窄或略有短柄,上部膨大,直径3.5~10厘米,远远望去似金丝猴头,故称“猴头菇”,又像刺猬,故又有“刺猬菌”之称。猴头菌是鲜美无比的山珍,菌肉鲜嫩,香醇可口,有“素中荤”之称。

猴头菇作为食材,是美味菜肴。同时,猴头菇也是药材,用猴头菇这一药材制成的药品叫猴菇片,在《中华人民共和国卫生部药品标准》第15册207页有记载:“本品为猴头菇经加工制成的片剂,具有养胃和中的功效,用于胃、十二指肠溃疡及慢性胃炎的治疗。”另外,现代医学和药理学的很多研究对猴头菇多糖的药用功效概括为提高免疫力、抗肿瘤、抗衰老、降血脂等多种生理功能。

猴头菇如何栽培管理好?

猴头菇,又叫猴头菌,刺猬菌,花菜菌或山伏菌等,原是一种深藏于密林中的珍贵食用菌。子实体圆而厚,常悬于树干上,布满针状菌刺,形状极似猴子的头,故而得名。猴头菇肉嫩味香,鲜美可口,其色、味、香均属上乘。

猴头菇营养丰富,富含多肽及多种维生素。医学证实,猴头菇具有组织修复、增强细胞活力、抗癌、延年益寿和美容等药用功能。猴头菇肉嫩香醇、可口,有“素中荤”之美称。其食法多样,有素炒、荤炒、清炖、红烧、蒸煮等,是极为难得的珍馐美味。用猴头菇与银耳一起炖煮,是一道很好的保健甜点。经过蒸煮,汁液粘稠,呈淡粉色,清香爽滑。于夜间睡前食用,可安眠平喘,增强细胞活力和机体抵抗力。

猴头菌栽培。猴头菌作为一种大型真菌,素有“山珍”之称,它含有16种氨基酸及多种维生素和矿物质,而且具有生长周期一般以9-11月生产为宜。栽培方法简单、经济效益高、市场前景好等优势,很适合于一家一户在简陋条件下栽培。

一、合理选材,科学配方。栽培猴头菇的原料极为广泛,如棉籽壳、木屑、玉米芯、豆秸、野草、酒糟等,适量加入麸皮、玉米粉等辅助原料,以适当的比例配合后,猴头菇能良好生长。若在这些培养料中加入少量的磷、钾、镁等矿物质,生长会更好。各地可根据当地的取材优势,选择经济配方:⑴木屑78%、米糠或麦麸

20%、白糖和石膏各1%。⑵棉籽壳90%、石膏和白糖各1%。⑶玉米芯或豆秸粉80%、麦麸18%和白糖各1%。

上述配方任选一种,充分混合,使含水量达60%。PH值为4-6。注意:选用的材料要新鲜、无霉变、无虫蛀;拌料要均匀;装料要迅速,尽量在最短时间内进入灭菌处理阶段。

二、选择适宜的栽培季节。根据猴头菌的生物学特性,其菌丝体生长适温为25℃左右,养菌时间为30-40天。子实体的适宜生长温度为16-20℃。栽培一次,可收3茬,约需2个月。各地可参照当地气候条件合理安排生产时间。

三、出菇管理。菌丝体长到一半以上时,就陆续出现子实体,此时应及时进行出菇管理。出菇期内,要着眼于创造适合于子实体生长发育的条件,协调好温、湿、光、气之间的关系。

1、开口:子实体培养时必须要有出菇的口子。瓶栽猴头菇,拔去棉塞或去掉牛皮纸在封口塑料薄膜中央开一直径2厘米的圆孔即可。袋栽猴头菇,去掉颈圈内的棉塞或揭去接种穴上的胶布,袋上用塑料薄膜覆盖,每2-3天将薄膜掀动一次,促使菇蕾形成。当菇蕾直径2-3厘米时,揭去薄膜。

2、控温调湿:菇房温度应保持在12-20℃之间,以18℃左右最为适宜,空气相对湿度控制在85-90%,每天用喷雾器向室内喷水3-4次。高温时,要采取必要的降温措施,如顶部覆盖、通风换气,增加喷水等;低温时,要加强增温保温措施。

3、适量通风:猴头菇子实体生长要求有新鲜的空气,通风良好,子实体个大、质紧,色白,生长快,产量高,菌刺长短适中,商品性好。否则,产量低,甚至会出现畸形。因此,应注意菇房的通风换气,每天定时打开通气口,高温时,多在早晚通风,每次30分钟左右;低温时,可在中午通风,经常保持菇房的空气新鲜。

4、光照:猴头菇子实体虽然能在黑暗条件下形成,但常会出现畸形菇。而且强光也不利于子实体的形成。一般以光照200-300勒克斯为宜。一般菇房有一定的散射光即可。

四、采收。猴头菇要在子实体完全成熟前采收。标准是:子实体大小基本长足,坚实,孢子还未散发,菌刺1-1.5厘米长即可采收。过晚采收,则肉质松、苦味重,不利加工,而且,影响下一批菇的形成。采收时,一手压住培养料,另一手将子实体轻轻拔下或用小刀割取。采收后,及时清理料面,轻轻搔一下菌,让菌丝体复壮。在适宜条件下,过15-20天就会陆续出现二潮菇。一般可采收2-3次。从接种到采收结束大约需3个月.采收后保鲜不可超过12小时,少量可鲜销,量大可晒干,也可在60℃下烘干,再用双层塑料袋密封贮藏。


------分隔线----------------------------
网站公告

注意:
本场不在任何车站设立接待站!请不要让人冒领以免上当,本场周边(兖州、济宁、嘉祥、菏泽)有很多养殖场经纪人,请不要相信。请电话询问来场路线!



公司承诺:
选购品种保证质量、签订质量合同、提供运输,若途中牛羊伤亡,本场全额赔偿。所选牛羊、全部办理检疫手续。本场规定事实报价,没有赠送政策、根据客户选购数量和运输路程,规定免费运输。统一选购、货到付款、提供技术支持!

产品展示
精彩推荐
友情链接


联系qq:421374788 版权所有:(翻版必究)  
0.2747
基本信息
SQL
$_GET
$_POST
$_COOKIE
包含文件
自动加载
  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-16 10:24:00
  7. 当前网协: 3.233.226.151
  8. 请求路径: /hbyr/7627.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2747
  10. 内存开销: 1.45 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
  2. #1 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  3. #2 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_11' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  4. #3 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7627' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='7627' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='11' AND id<'7627' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 547]
  7. #6 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7610' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  8. #7 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='11' AND id>'7627' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 17]
  9. #8 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7639' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  10. #9 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='navigate' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  11. #10 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1,10 [explain type: index | rows: 11]
  12. #11 [time:0.0008s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7957' OR id='7956' OR id='7955' OR id='7954' OR id='7953' OR id='7952' OR id='7951' OR id='7950' OR id='7949' OR id='7948' [explain type: range | rows: 10]
  13. #12 [time:0.0003s] SELECT cid FROM tw_category ORDER BY orderby ASC [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  14. #13 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='1' OR cid='2' OR cid='3' OR cid='4' OR cid='5' OR cid='6' OR cid='7' OR cid='8' OR cid='9' OR cid='10' OR cid='11' OR cid='12' OR cid='13' OR cid='14' OR cid='15' OR cid='16' [explain type: ALL | rows: 16]
  15. #14 [time:0.0004s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 11,12 [explain type: index | rows: 23]
  16. #15 [time:0.0007s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7947' OR id='7946' OR id='7945' OR id='7944' OR id='7943' OR id='7942' OR id='7941' OR id='7940' OR id='7939' OR id='7938' OR id='7937' OR id='7936' [explain type: range | rows: 12]
  17. #16 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_1' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  18. #17 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 583]
  19. #18 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7929' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  20. #19 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_2' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  21. #20 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='2' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 481]
  22. #21 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7951' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  23. #22 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_3' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  24. #23 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 456]
  25. #24 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  26. #25 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_4' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  27. #26 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 518]
  28. #27 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7922' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  29. #28 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  30. #29 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 546]
  31. #30 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  32. #31 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  33. #32 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 604]
  34. #33 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7919' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  35. #34 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  36. #35 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='7' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 544]
  37. #36 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7953' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  39. #38 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 501]
  40. #39 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7954' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  41. #40 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 23,6 [explain type: index | rows: 29]
  42. #41 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7935' OR id='7934' OR id='7933' OR id='7932' OR id='7931' OR id='7930' [explain type: range | rows: 6]
  43. #42 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='tw_links' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  44. #43 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 546]
  45. #44 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7956' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  46. #45 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_9' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  47. #46 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='9' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 539]
  48. #47 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7946' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  49. #48 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 604]
  50. #49 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7919' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  51. #50 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 456]
  52. #51 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  1. #control => show
  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 11
  4. #id => 7627
      1. #0 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
      2. #1 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\kongphp.php
      3. #2 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\config\config.inc.php
      4. #3 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\base.func.php
      5. #4 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\core.class.php
      6. #5 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\debug.class.php
      7. #6 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\log.class.php
      8. #7 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\model.class.php
      9. #8 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\view.class.php
      10. #9 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\base\control.class.php
      11. #10 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db.interface.php
      12. #11 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\db\db_mysql.class.php
      13. #12 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache.interface.php
      14. #13 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache_memcache.class.php
      15. #14 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\config\plugin.inc.php
      16. #15 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\plugin\editor_um\conf.php
      17. #16 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\plugin\tw_links\conf.php
      18. #17 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\parseurl_control.class.php
      19. #18 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\runtime_model.class.php
      20. #19 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\show_control.class.php
      21. #20 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\category_model.class.php
      22. #21 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_model.class.php
      23. #22 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_view\default,article_show.htm.php
      24. #23 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_data_model.class.php
      25. #24 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\showlink.php
      26. #25 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\kv_model.class.php
      27. #26 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\ext\utf8.class.php
      28. #27 D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\twcms\kongphp\tpl\sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类