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红心柚子种植技术_农业网_农业新闻

时间:10-16来源:村村新闻作者:村村新闻

红心柚子种植技术

红心柚子和普通的柚子不一样,它的果肉是红色的,最早被人们发现于和平县。红心柚子所含的红色天然色素,对人体是有非常大的好处的,它的抗癌功效非常惊人,特别是对心脏病和高血压的患者,有非常好的食疗功效。

红心柚子种植技术

1、选地。选择没有污染的坡地,坡度小于20°的山地进行种植,土质为中性偏弱酸。

2、整地。在旱田条件下,使用粉垄机粉垄整地,耕作深度为50-90cm。

3、嫁接。引进优良的红心柚接穗,选用本地酸柚实生苗作为砧木,嫁接方法采用单芽切接法。

4、定植。按照株距4.5m

X

6.2m,420-500株/公顷规格挖穴定植,每穴长宽深为95cmX

95cm

X

95cm,每穴施土杂肥2~3担,腐熟人畜粪25-50公斤、

200-300克保水剂和复混药肥0.5-1公斤,将培育好的红心柚苗根部带土在定根水中处理30分钟,自然晾干后备用。

5、苗木处理。嫁接成活后经15-20天可施稀薄液肥或粪水,每月1次,保留1条健壮的接穗新梢,其余的剪去,随时抹去砧木长出的萌粟,接后20-30天解绑,以利于嫁接位的愈合生长,注意淋水灌溉保持土壤或营养泥湿润,待接穗新梢茎干木栓化部分长约15厘米时即可出圃定植。

红心柚幼树施肥技巧

幼树主要是培养各次枝梢,加快树冠生长,柚树植后15-20天便开始发新根,这时要追施腐熟的人粪尿。一年生树根系耐肥力较弱,应采用“勤施梢施”的原则,每月2-3次,肥料浓度从淡逐渐加浓,每次梢保证有1-2次重肥,柚梢前15-20天每株施下较浓的人畜粪5-10斤加尿素0.1-0.2斤,也可用抠制腐熟的花生1斤加尿素0.2斤梢,后再施一次作为壮梢肥。施肥采用盘施或环状浅沟施,冬肥或较重的肥要深施,开长宽深各为60×30×30厘米的穴施下,穴位置在树冠外围垂直处。新梢期可喷0.4%尿素+0.5%硫酸镁液加速转绿。

除虫灭病保梢果

1、过冬红蜘蛛于2月上旬春梢发芽前喷布一次药,克满特加水2000倍,或3月中旬尼索朗加水1000-1500倍。

2、各种病害。2月下旬幼梢0.5公分-5公分左右到开花前,开花期不能喷药,用铜铵合剂,一市斤硫酸铜加五市斤碳铵,用薄膜包装24小时后加水1000市斤喷全树和地面,或春梢0.5公分-5公分左右到开花前和谢花幼果初期各喷1-2次,用托布津加水500倍液和井岗霉素加水500倍液混合,或者多菌灵加水500倍液和井岗霉素加水500倍液,交替使用。

3、其它虫类。其它虫类用敌敌畏加水1000倍液。春梢病虫及时防治,能够促使春梢健壮,枝叶茂盛,谢花后幼果初期感病少,座果率高。

疏花疏梢摘心

1、疏花枝。成年结果树或衰退树的花量多,应疏去部分弱花枝。一般在2月中下旬至3月上旬进行。原则上掌握去弱留壮的原则,一结果母枝上留4-5朵花,全树实行早中晚合理搭配的原则。疏花后,集中树体养分,以满足留下花蕾的生育需求,促使花蕾大,花质好,花后座果率高。

2、疏梢。疏梢能提高树体通风透光,减少病虫危害,是提高座果率的有效措施。疏梢,一般疏树冠顶端、外围较密部分,较高徒长枝适当疏一部分,树冠内嫩春梢和树冠外围短春梢是来年结果母枝,一般不能疏除,春梢疏除只能控制在春嫩梢5%以内,不能疏得太多。以利增加叶量,制造更多叶绿素,提高座果率,达到果多优质高产。

3、摘心。摘心能提高座果率,累积树体营养,减少无效的营养消耗,多挂果,挂好果。摘心一般于树冠顶端徒长枝进行,幼梢长达5-7寸时摘心,只留4-6片叶。

红心柚子的种植每一步都非常重要,在种植的时候,要做到细心和用心,在种植后期一定要做好管理工作,才能确保果子的质量。红心柚不仅口感好,而且功效作用大,所以好点种植,一定会为大家带来不错的收益。


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  1. 模型: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/view/default/article_show.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\www\xumu\pc\www.clhnews.com\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-11-16 08:59:31
  7. 当前网协: 3.233.226.151
  8. 请求路径: /hbyr/7610.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.2974
  10. 内存开销: 1.45 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
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  52. #51 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='7952' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 11
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      1. #0 utf8 类